Download PDF by Mark A. Smith: American Business and Political Power: Public Opinion,

By Mark A. Smith

ISBN-10: 0226764621

ISBN-13: 9780226764627

ISBN-10: 0226764648

ISBN-13: 9780226764641

Most humans think that enormous businesses wield huge, immense political energy once they foyer for guidelines as a cohesive bloc. With this arguable publication, Mark A. Smith units traditional knowledge on its head. In a scientific research of postwar lawmaking, Smith finds that enterprise loses in legislative battles except it has public backing. This outstanding end holds as the varieties of concerns that lead companies to band together—such as tax charges, pollution, and product liability—also obtain the main media consciousness. the resultant debates supply voters the knowledge they should carry their representatives liable and make elections a call among contrasting coverage programs.

Rather than succumbing to company the United States, Smith argues, representatives mockingly turn into extra aware of their materials whilst dealing with a united company entrance. agencies achieve the main impression over laws after they paintings with agencies equivalent to imagine tanks to form americans' ideals approximately what govt may still and shouldn't do.

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Additional resources for American Business and Political Power: Public Opinion, Elections, and Democracy

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I will advance and defend the antithetical claim that unity among firms corresponds with the best, rather than the worst, conditions for citizens to affect what government does. While implausible upon first glance, this contention gains credence when we examine the attributes of the issues comprising the typology. Three attributes of issues-their ideological, partisan, and salient naturestand out for their importance in determining how legislative decisionmaking progresses. By comparison to particularistic and conflictual issues, unifying ones are far more likely to possess these attributes.

That assumption is probably justified, ceteris paribus. Business unity, however, decidedly does not materialize with all else being equal. Instead, unity occurs alongside other factors that increase the scope ofpublic guidance for policymaking and simultaneously limit the amount of direct business influence. 7. Burstein (1998) makes a similar point about the minimal direct effects ofinterest groups and social movements on the history of legislation regarding equal employment opportunity, a salient issue where elected officials appear to have responded to changes in public opinion.

When broad shifts occur in the ideological sentiment of the population, politicians can-if they so desire-alter policies in a corresponding manner. Some especially strong incentives, discussed later in the chapter, should make that possibility a reality for unifying issues. UNIFYING ISSUES ARE PARTISAN In representative democracies, political parties serve as a central linkage mechanism connecting citizens to government. Parties are unparalleled by other organizations in their ability to mobilize voters, sponsor candidates for election, and raise issues for public discussion.

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American Business and Political Power: Public Opinion, Elections, and Democracy by Mark A. Smith


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