By Peter LaFrenière
In this text, students are invited to reconsider psychology through grounding it within the traditional sciences with the certainty that evolutionary and developmental strategies interact with tradition to resolve difficulties of human edition. those tactics are forged as interdependent: improvement can't be understood other than within the mild of evolutionary conception, and the simplest evidence of evolution is the very fact of improvement. for college students of evolutionary psychology, the entire significant themes -- such as developed psychological modules for concept of brain or language -- require an knowing of the developmental procedures that result in their expression. Genes, as very important as they're, are by no means the total tale.
The role of organic components is explored in chapters outlining evolution, improvement, genetics, human origins, hormones and the mind. Then, the integrative price of this evolutionary/developmental imaginative and prescient in knowing key issues in psychology is illustrated through making use of it to standard zone of inquiry together with infancy and attachment, feelings and their expression, social family members with friends, cognitive and language improvement, intercourse variations, courtship and mating, violence and aggression, and cooperation and festival.
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Extra resources for Adaptive Origins: Evolution and Human Development
Such behavior could not evolve if selection operates only at the level of the individual—the selfish gene principle (Dawkins, 1976). However, altruism could evolve as the result of natural selection at the level of the group, and indeed, beginning with Darwin, several influential theorists have put forward this possibility (Darwin, 1871): It must not be forgotten that although a high standard of morality gives but a slight or no advantage to each individual man and his children of the same tribe, yet an increase in the number of wellendowed men and advancement in the standard of morality will certainly give an immense advantage to one tribe over another.
The idea that environmentally produced variation could fuel evolutionary change was first proposed by Jean-Baptiste Lamarck (1809), who preceded Charles Darwin as a major evolutionary theorist. ” This was later rejected by Weismann’s germ plasm theory. The “Baldwin effect” is a trait change that occurs in an organism as a result of its interaction with its environment that becomes gradually assimilated into its genetic/epigenetic repertoire. Its underlying mechanism is the differential survival of individuals who learn to respond appropriately to novel, adverse, and recurring environment conditions (Baldwin, 1902).
One such drug, 3TC, acts initially to quickly devastate an HIV population inside the human body. But within the first few days, resistant strains evolve and spread quickly via the selection pressures created by the presence of 3TC within the body. Only resistant strains of the original HIV survive and reproduce, providing a microcosm of all evolution on the planet. , 1995). Molecular biologists can study the precise molecular changes that arise to provide the new strain its resistance to 3TC, one of many examples of evolution as an observable fact of nature.
Adaptive Origins: Evolution and Human Development by Peter LaFrenière