By Robert F. Boszhardt
To be had December 2003 the most typical relics of the 12,000-year occupancy of the higher Mississippi River Valley could be the chipped stone projectile issues that local americans fixed to the ends in their spears, darts, and arrow shafts. this helpful consultant presents a key to making a choice on many of the forms of issues discovered alongside the higher Mississippi River within the Driftless zone stretching approximately from Dubuque, Iowa, to purple Wing, Minnesota, yet framed inside a slightly greater quarter extending from the Rock Island Rapids on the sleek Moline-Rock Island zone to the Falls of St. Anthony at Minneapolis-St. Paul. Logging tens of hundreds of thousands of miles and vacationing inner most creditors from all walks of existence considering 1982, Robert Boszhardt has documented millions of projectile issues present in this area. as well as drawings of every type, he presents different approved names in addition to names of similar issues, age, distribution, an outline (including size and width), fabric, and references for every kind. The consultant is intended for the numerous avocational archaeologists who gather projectile issues within the higher Midwest and may be an invaluable reference device for pro box archaeologists to boot. Emphasizing the maintenance of web sites in addition to a mutual alternate of data among expert and avocational archaeologists, this advisor will demonstrate projectile issues as clues to the previous, time markers which embrace an important information regarding the cultures of the Mississippi River Valley's early population.
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Extra info for A Projectile Point Guide for the Upper Mississippi River Valley (Bur Oak Guide)
5– 5 cm/1–2 in. material: These points are made primarily of chert. references: Broyles 1971; Coe 1964; Higgins 1990; Justice 1987; Wittry 1959. r e c t o r u n n i n g f o o t | 45 Middle Archaic Stemmed and Side-Notched Points Matanzas 1 cm 3 Matanzas points are named after the West Matanzas site in the central Illinois River valley. Helton, Fishspear, Brunswick. Nearly 250 Matanzas points were found in Helton phase levels at the deeply stratiﬁed Koster site in western Illinois, and the type was subdivided into several varieties: Modal, Deep Side-Notched, Faint Side-Notched, Flared Stemmed, Straight Stemmed.
5 in. material: Matanzas points are made from local chert, and heat-treating is common. references: Cook 1976; Justice 1987; Kuehn 1997; Morrow 1984; Munson and Harn 1966; Perino 1968; Stoltman 1997. 50 | m i d d l e a r c h a i c s t e m m e d a n d s i d e - n o t c h e d p o i n t s Raddatz Side-Notched/ Osceola 1 cm 3 These points are named after specimens found at the Raddatz Rockshelter site, Sauk County, Wisconsin, the Osceola site in Grant County, Wisconsin, and at the Airport site near Madison, Wisconsin.
Kessell Side-Notched points were found stratigraphically beneath Kirk points at St. Albans. The type is apparently most common in West Virginia and appears sporadically along the Ohio River valley in Pennsylvania, Ohio, Kentucky, and Indiana. It was unrecognized in the Upper Mississippi Valley until recently, as several Kessell-like points have been found in western Wisconsin. This type is apparently ancestral to Kirk Corner-Notched points in West Virginia and is probably related to Cache River points in the lower Mississippi Valley.
A Projectile Point Guide for the Upper Mississippi River Valley (Bur Oak Guide) by Robert F. Boszhardt