By Richard Evans
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Extra resources for A History of Pergamum: Beyond Hellenistic Kingship
The battle is said to have occurred near Sardis and, if that is accurate, it points to some movement by Eumenes away from the Caicus Valley. Was he in a position to do this against the power of his erstwhile hegemon, from whom he had presumably broken his allegiance? It is worth noting that the elder Antiochus is remembered as a mostly successful ruler, while the younger is not. The much older and more experienced Antiochus I would likely not have risked a campaign in response to Pergamum adventuring, whereas his successor would have been much more enthusiastic about gaining military laurels and more likely to suffer a defeat.
The Acarnanians had raided Attica with the consent – but not the participation – of Macedonia, and Attalus in person arrived in Athens from Aegina, where he had been directing operations against Philip. The entire citizen body with their wives and children poured out to greet him. The priests in their official robes welcomed him as he entered the city. It was as if the gods themselves had left their shrines to receive him. 15 He also probably felt he had little choice but to support Athens, for not only was he popular there, and the city had also made its position as a friend of Rome evident at Phoenice, but – possibly most importantly – should Athens fall to Philip, his next target would be Aegina, Attalus’ own possession.
He had maintained this close friendship from the Treaty of Apamea, had warned the Romans, probably repeatedly, of Perseus’ ambitions in Greece and beyond, and had been subjected to an assassination attempt possibly orchestrated by the Macedonian king just prior to the hostilities opening in 171. Yet the Romans hardly chose to employ this loyal ally in the war and, towards its conclusion, perhaps Eumenes took umbrage at this snub at being left on garrison duty and not actively engaged in the campaign.
A History of Pergamum: Beyond Hellenistic Kingship by Richard Evans